Ultraquin 4% cream contains hydroquinone USP in an emollient base. It is:
- Fragrance-free, PABA-free
- Recommended for daytime use
Hyperpigmentation is the medical term for unwanted skin spots.
What is hyperpigmentation?
Hyperpigmentation is the medical term for patches of skin that are darker than your normal skin tone. These patches or "spots" are usually harmless and painless, but most people find them unappealing. There are simple skin bleaching creams and gels which can lighten these areas; you should talk to your doctor about which treatment would best suit your particular problem.
How is it caused?
Your skin contains a brown pigment called melanin. The amount of melanin in your skin determines your actual skin color. When produced in excess, either by exposure to the sun or as a result of many other factors, it forms a concentrated deposit that results in darker patches.
What kind of hyperpigmentation do I have?
There are many kinds of hyperpigmentation, usually identified by what causes them and how they appear on your skin. These are the most common ones:
These are small brown or tan spots most common in children and individuals with blue eyes, red hair or fair skin. They occur in areas exposed to the sun and increase in both number and intensity with prolonged exposure.
This type looks like irregular streaks, spots or patches that appear in a symmetrical pattern on your cheeks, nose and upper lip, or on the neck, chin and around the eyes. Melasma is most commonly a result of hormonal changes during the aging process (age spots) or sun exposure, but can also occur during pregnancy or in women taking birth control pills.
- Solar lentigines
Also caused by the sun, these round, brown spots can take years to develop and can be quite dark (sometimes called "beauty" spots). They appear mostly on areas exposed to light, such as the face, back, chest, arms and hands.
- Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH)
After certain acute illnesses such as chicken pox, or with chronic skin problems like eczema and acne, the skin sometimes produces excess pigmentation of this type. Also, people with dark skin can develop this hyperpigmentation from sunburn.
Certain medicines, such as birth control pills and some antibiotics, can cause hyperpigmentation in combination with sun exposure. Ask your doctor if your medication drug may present this problem.
- Laser surgery treatment, hair transplants and chemical peels
If you plan to have any of the above done, you may want to use a treatment for hyperpigmentation before and after the procedure, to prevent the possibility of skin darkening. Laser treatment can be for tattoo removal or skin resurfacing.
- Cosmetics and nutrition
Certain cosmetics, perfumes and even foods such as celery, carrots, and limes containing bergamot oil, can cause a darkening of your skin when you are exposed to sun.
When will I see results?
It is important to wait the proper amount of time for results, so don't get discouraged and give up! Hyperpigmentation treatment is a gradual process that requires from 8 to 12 weeks to work effectively. However, results can appear quickly, depending on the depth of pigmentation.
What else should I know?
In general, if you have hyperpigmentation you should avoid the sun whenever possible because exposure to the sun can worsen the problem. In addition, prolonged exposure to the sun can limit the ability of your treatment to be effective. Apply a good sunscreen that is photostable and protects against UVA and UVB rays after applying your hydroquinone product. A brand like Anthelios or Bioderma Photoderm Max are good options. This will not only help your treatment work better and faster, it will also help reduce the chances of the spots re-appearing.
- Always use sunscreen SPF 30 on your face, hands and exposed areas. Apply it routinely in the morning, and repeat as necessary during the day according to your outdoor activities.
- Avoid tanning and prolonged exposure to the sun.
- Wear a hat and protective clothing when outside.
- Remember that certain medicines and cosmetics can cause hyperpigmentation during exposure to the sun.
Will the problem come back?
As noted above, hyperpigmentation can be caused by many different things, and particularly by sun exposure. Spots can re-occur and should be treated again as necessary.
Apply Ultraquin topically in the morning and at bedtime or as directed by a physician to areas you wish to depigment. Application should be restricted to areas no larger than face, or neck, or hands and arms. Do not apply near eyes and cuts,after shaving or using a depilatory, over sunburn or irritated skin. Skin discolourations usually begin to lighten or fade after a few weeks of treatment.
However, it is important to continue daily treatment for up to 12 weeks since depigmenting is a very gradual process. If results are not satisfactory after 12 weeks of treatment, consult your physician.
As soon as sufficient lightening is obtained, apply Ultraquin only as needed to maintain skin free of hyperpigmentation.
For external use only.
Use only as directed by a physician.
Before treatment, test for sensitivity by applying Ultraquin to a small patch of unbroken skin (one cm square). Commence treatment if no redness occurs in 24 hours. Discontinue treatment if irritation or allergic response develops. Ultraquin should not be used on children under 12. Sunlight or ultraviolet light exposure will lead to repigmentation and will slow down or prevent the fading (depigmenting) action of Ultraquin.
Medicinal ingredient: Hydroquinone USP 4%, Octinoxate 7.5%, Homosalate 5%, Oxybenzone 4%, Octocrylene 2%
Non medicinal ingredients: Aqua, Glyceryl Stearate, PEG-100 Stearate, Octyldodecyl Stearoyl Stearate, Propylene Glycol, Glyceryl Stearate SE, Mineral Oil, Ethylhexyl Palmitate, Propylene Glycol, Quaternium-26, Caprylyl Methicone, Cetearyl Glucoside, Ceterayl Alcohol, Sodium Metabisulfite, Polydimethylsiloxane Polymer, Triundecanoin, Fragrance, Ascorbic Acid, Benzalkonium Chloride, Phosphoric Acid, Disodium EDTA, Hydroxyethylcellulose